These are challenging times for Governments around the world. Since the middle of the twentieth century, and particularly since the beginning of the new millennium, Governments have been under growing pressure to respond to the evolving demands of citizens and to function within an increasingly complex global environment. Governments must address domestic priorities such as poverty, unemployment, educational deficits, and environmental degradation while simultaneously introducing whatever changes are necessary to ensure effective integration into the world economy.
This paper highlights the governance challenges that countries from the Southern and Western part of the Mediterranean region have been facing in the past years. It also analyzes the priority areas of reform in public administration at the regional and sub- regional levels.